Question: Who Were The 5 Enlightenment Thinkers?

Who were some Enlightenment thinkers and what were their ideas?

Terms in this set (11)Hobbes.

wrote Leviathan, strong gov.

Locke.

“Two Treaties of Gov.”, gov.

Montesquieu.

“The Spirit of Laws”, separation of powers.Voltaire.

Freedom of Thought.Diderot.

“Encyclopedia”, denounced slavery, Edu.

Rousseau.

“The Social Contract”, min.

Wollstonecraft.

Smith.More items….

What did the Enlightenment thinkers believe?

Enlightenment thinkers wanted to improve human conditions on earth rather than concern themselves with religion and the afterlife. These thinkers valued reason, science, religious tolerance, and what they called “natural rights”—life, liberty, and property.

What were three major ideas of the Enlightenment?

Terms in this set (22) An eighteenth century intellectual movement whose three central concepts were the use of reason, the scientific method, and progress. Enlightenment thinkers believed they could help create better societies and better people.

What caused the Enlightenment?

Causes. On the surface, the most apparent cause of the Enlightenment was the Thirty Years’ War. This horribly destructive war, which lasted from 1618 to 1648, compelled German writers to pen harsh criticisms regarding the ideas of nationalism and warfare.

Is Descartes an Enlightenment thinker?

René Descartes (1596–1650) was a French scientist, philosopher and Roman Catholic of the Enlightenment period who is often considered to be the founder of modern philosophy, breaking away from the ways of the middle ages.

What did enlightened thinkers focus on?

The Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, was an intellectual and cultural movement in the eighteenth century that emphasized reason over superstition and science over blind faith.

Who were some important Enlightenment thinkers?

Centered on the dialogues and publications of the French “philosophes” (Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Buffon and Denis Diderot), the High Enlightenment might best be summed up by one historian’s summary of Voltaire’s “Philosophical Dictionary”: “a chaos of clear ideas.” Foremost among these was the notion that …

Who was the most important person in the Enlightenment?

Key PeopleJohann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750) An enormously influential German composer who rose to prominence in the early 1700s. … Francis Bacon (1561–1626) … Cesare Beccaria (1738–1794) … John Comenius (1592–1670) … René Descartes (1596–1650) … Denis Diderot (1713–1784) … Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790) … Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749–1832)More items…

What did Enlightenment thinkers reject?

Enlightenment thinkers disputed the idea that kings actually ruled by divine right and questioned the union of church and state and the unequal rights of different social classes. They inspired forever changed relationships between citizens and their governments.

Who were the 7 thinkers?

Seven thinkers and how they grew: Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz; Locke, Berkeley, Hume; Kant (Chapter 6) – Philosophy in History.

Who was the father of enlightenment?

According to historians, the fathers of Enlightenment were Rene Descartes, Sir Isaac Newton, John Locke, Voltaire, and Rousseau. These thinkers, were more than others, influenced the intellectual revolution of Enlightenment.

Which are the two most important Enlightenment ideas?

The Enlightenment included a range of ideas centered on the sovereignty of reason and the evidence of the senses as the primary sources of knowledge and advanced ideals such as liberty, progress, toleration, fraternity, constitutional government and separation of church and state.