Who is John Locke and why is he important?
The English philosopher and political theorist John Locke (1632-1704) laid much of the groundwork for the Enlightenment and made central contributions to the development of liberalism.
Trained in medicine, he was a key advocate of the empirical approaches of the Scientific Revolution..
What was John Locke’s theory?
Locke’s political theory was founded upon that of social contract. Unlike Thomas Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature is characterised by reason and tolerance. Like Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature allowed people to be selfish. This is apparent with the introduction of currency.
What are John Locke’s 3 natural rights?
Among these fundamental natural rights, Locke said, are “life, liberty, and property.” Locke believed that the most basic human law of nature is the preservation of mankind. To serve that purpose, he reasoned, individuals have both a right and a duty to preserve their own lives.
What was John Locke known for quizlet?
A philosopher who believed that all men were created equal: natural rights. Born on August 29, 1632, died on October 28, 1704. Life, Liberty, and Property (pursuit of happiness) were all implicated in his time and ours. … His view on it was that the Natural Rights were inalienable, superseded government authority.
What did John Locke believe about the human mind?
John Locke (1632-1704) He asserted that at birth the human mind is a blank slate, or tabula rasa, and empty of ideas (see scaffolding below). We acquire knowledge, he argued, from the information about the objects in the world that our senses bring to us.
What are two interesting facts about John Locke?
Top 10 Facts about John LockeJohn Locke’s actual name is John Locke, Jr. … John Locked graduated from the University of Oxford. … John Locke studied medicine and served as a physician. … John Locke was mentored by Lord Ashley and Thomas Sydenham. … He is accused of hypocrisy due to the Constitutions of Carolina.More items…•