What Is Meant By Axle Load?

What is axle load norms?

Under new norms—which the government claims will reduce logistics costs by 2%—gross vehicle weight (GVW) for a two-axle truck (two wheels in the front axle and four wheels in the rear) has been raised from 16.2 tonnes to 18.5 tonnes; for three-axle trucks from 25 tonnes to 28.5 tonnes; and for five-axle trucks from 37 ….

What is vehicle load?

Carrying capacity includes the weight of the driver, passengers, accessories, fuel, tools and equipment, and the vehicle body. It can be checked by weighing the fully loaded vehicle and ensuring that the total weight does not exceed the GVM.

What is load equivalency factor?

This means that the axle factors and consequently the number of equivalent axle loads change along a highway corridor as the construction of the pavement changes, even when the traffic loads do not change. …

What are examples of wheel and axle?

Common Wheel and Axle ExamplesBicycle.Car tires.Ferris wheel.Electric fan.Analog clock.Winch.

What is the maximum GVW for rigid truck as per new axle norms?

If a vehicle is fitted with pneumatic suspension, one tonne extra load is permitted for each axle, the notification said. Also, the gross vehicle weight shall not exceed 49 tonnes in case of rigid vehicles and 55 tonnes in case of semi-articulated trailers and truck-trailers, except modular hydraulic trailers.

How can I increase the capacity of my axle?

The only way to boost the payload rating is to take weight off the truck: removing the rear seat or bumper, using lighter wheels and/or tires that meet gross axle weight rating requirements, and so on.

What is difference between 2 axle and 3 axle truck?

Two axle vehicles have a front and rear axle. Usually they are light vehicles, either cars or light trucks. Three axle vehicles have a front and two rear axles. Usually these are heavier trucks and light semi-trailers (tractor trailer combinations).

Which frost heave is dangerous?

Explanation: The frost heave which is caused in cold temperatures raises the edges of the pavement, if they are uneven then it is very dangerous.

How do you calculate an axle load?

Multiply the center of gravity distance times the weight to get the moment for each component and item. Add all of the moments and divide by the wheelbase to get the weight on the rear axle. Subtract the rear axle weight from the total weight to get the front axle weight.

What is equivalent axle load?

ESAL is the acronym for equivalent single axle load. … The statistic represents a mixed stream of traffic of different axle loads and axle configurations predicted over the design or analysis period and then converted into an equivalent number of 18,000-lb. single axle loads summed over that period.

What is axle load limit?

Axle load is an important design consideration in the engineering of roadways and railways, as both are designed to tolerate a maximum weight-per-axle (axle load); exceeding the maximum rated axle load will cause damage to the roadway or rail tracks.

What is axle load of truck?

Sl.Axle TypeMaximum Safe Axle3 Mtr.)3.1Tri-axle for rigid vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers27 tonnes*4.Axle Row (two axles with four tyres each) in Modular Hydraulic trailers18 tonnes(9 tonnes load shall be permissible for single axle)17 more rows•Jul 18, 2018

How much load can a truck carry in India?

The gross vehicle weight of a two-axle truck (two wheels in the front axle and four wheels in the rear) has been increased to 18.5 tonne from the existing 16.2 tonnes, increasing the load carrying capacity by just over 20%. The statutory order was issued by the road transport and highways ministry late on Monday.

What is standard axle?

• A Equivalent Standard Axle is defined as a Dual Tyred Single Axle transmitting a load of 80kN (or 8.2 tonne) to the pavement. • An ESA is an Equivalent Standard Axle.

What is the meaning of axle?

1a : a pin or shaft on or with which a wheel or pair of wheels revolves. b(1) : a fixed bar or beam with bearings at its ends on which wheels (as of a cart) revolve. (2) : the spindle of such a beam.

What are the types of axles?

An axle is a rod or shaft that rotates the wheels and supports the weight of your vehicle. Axles are essential components of any vehicle and come in three main types: front, rear, and stub. Let’s break down the types of axle and look at how to choose the right axle ratio for your vehicle.

What does 2 axle mean?

The meaning of 2 axle vehicle is simply a vehicle with 2 axles, and each axle may have 1 wheel, 2 wheels. … The examples of a 3 axle vehicle would be many straight trucks with a pair of rear axles which carries the extra weight of the cargo, a Greyhound bus, and most tractor units for semitrailers.